RI Shotokan Karate-do

Japanese Terms

Glossary of Japanese Terms - Japanese Lookup

Japanese WordPhonetic PronunciationEnglish Translation
ageah-gayupward
aikidoi-key-domartial art: "the way of hamony"
anzaanzainformal sitting
arigato gozaimashitaa-re-ga to go-ze-mash taformal ‘thank you very much’
arigatoa-re-ga toinformal ‘thank you’
ashiash-eFoot or step
ateah-tastrike
baraibar-esweep
benjoben-jobathroom
bobolong staff, about 6 feet long
bogubo-goochest protector
bojitsubo-jit-suethe art of the bo
bokenbo-kenwooden sword
bokutobo-kew-towooden sword
boshibo-shehat
bushidoboo-she-dothe ‘way of the warrior’
chojocho-josenior in a dojo
chudanchew-donmiddle position
chuichewywarning penalty
daishodi-showtraditional two sword set
danDon, or danblackbelt rank, literally "man"
dodoway
do ita simasi tedo eta simash tayou are welcome
dojodo-joplace to study the way, literally "way place"
dojo kundo-jo kunschool principles
domo arigatodo-mo a-re-ga tothank you very much
dozodo zoPlease, or please come in
dozo osakinido zo o-sak-in-eplease go before me
empiem-peelbow
gaeshiga-isheturn upside down
gedanga-donlower position
genki deskagen-ke deska‘I am fine’
gerigere (garý)kick
gigemartial arts uniform
gokyogo-quefive fundamental teachings
gomen nassaigo men na si‘I am sorry’
goshinjitsuGo shin jit sueart of self defense
gyaku uchiGa-que oochereverse strike
haihiyes
haishihi-sheback of hand
hajimeha-ji-mabegin
hajime mashiteha-ji-ma ma-she-taHow do you do?
hakamaha-ka-matraditional leggings for aikido
handakenhan da kenfour finger knuckle
hansokohan so kodisqualification
hantaihan ticall for decision in sparring
happikenhape kenname of kata: to use the elbow like a monkey in eight directions
haraharacenter line or stomach
hassohas-soupright posture
hidarihi dar eleft
hikiwakehi-ke-wa-kadraw, as in draw a sword
hinerihin-ar-etwist
hiratehir-at-aopen hand
hitahe-tadown
hiza geriheza gereknee kick
hoko katahoko katawalking form
imae-manow, at once
isogii-so-gehurry up
iyee-ano
ipponi-ponfull point
irashimasteir ashe mastawelcome
irimiir-e-mebringing the opponent close
jigotaiji-go-tidefensive stance
jigohontaiji-go-hon- tifundamental defensive stance
jikunji-kuntime, time’s up
jojoshort ( about 4 foot) staff or walking stick
josekijo-sek-eupper place in dojo (right side of shoman)
jujugentle, or the number ten
judoJu domartial art; "gentle way"
kaikiassociation
kaisoki-sothe founder of the style
kamakamasickle, a martial arts weapon
kamaekamaguard
kamaeteko-mi-e-taprepare to begin
karatedokar-a-ta-doempty hands way
karatekakar-a-ta-kaa student of karatedo
katakataform, shoulder
kata-juji-jimekata- ju-ge-jimacross arm choke
katanaka-ta-naJapanese long sword
keikoke-kopractice
keireike-raceremonial bow
kekomika-ko-methrusting kick
kendoken-domartial art: "way of the sword"
kentsuikent-su-ehammer fist
kikeinner energy, spirit
kiaiKe-ivocal expression of ki
kiotsukeke-oat-su-kaattention
kohira niko-hir-a kneethis way
kochira no kachiko-chir-a no kachewinner of the match
kodomoko-do-mochildren
kogekiko-ga-keoffensive
kohaiko-hilower kyu rank
kokenko-kenridge hand
kokyuko-quebreathing
kon nichi wako neche wagood day
koteko-taforearm
kumbanwakum-ban-wagreeting; "good evening"
kumiteku-me-tamultiple person prearranged fighting form
kuzushiku-zu-shebalance breaking
kyokoy-oprinciple
kyuquestep or rank below black belt, literally "boy"
ma-aimi-iproper distance
maemi-afront
mae gerimi-a gerefront kick
maedema-dastop
makawaramakawarastriking board
massekima-se-keleft side of shoman; lower seat
matematawait
mawaru katamawaru kataturning form
mawashimawashecircular motion
mawashi gerimawashe gereroundhouse kick
menmenhead
migimigeright
migi mae mawarumige mi-a mawaruright front turn
migi ushiro mawarumige u-shear-u mawaruright back turn
mikazuki gerimika-zu-ke gerecrescent kick
mizo ochimizo ochesolar plexus
moi ichi domoy-itch-e do"once again"
mokusomo-ku-someditate
morotemor otdouble
morote neko ashimor ot neko ash-edouble cat step
mudanshamu-dan-sharanks below black belt
nagena-gathrow
nage wazana-ga wazathrowing techniques
naihanchinni-han-chinsideways stance
nanamena-na-maangle
neko ashineku ash-ecat step
nekozekennekoo-ze-kencat back wrist
Nihonne-honJapan (formal, archaic)
nonoprefix meaning "of"
nukiteni-ku-taspear hand
o genki deskao genke desk-a"are you fine?"
okake kudasaiokaka kudasihave a seat
onegai shimasuo-negi shima-su"may I practice with you?"
obio-bebelt
oha yoo-hi-o‘good morning"
omedito gonzaimasteo-med-e-to go-zi-mas-tacongratulations
Osuoos, or oscommon greeting in karate: push ahead, yes, sir, never give up, a sign of respect, affirmation, recognition, etc.
otagai ni reio-tag-na ne rabow to each other
oyasu minassaioy-yas-u min-a-si"good night"
randoriran-dor-efree exercise
reirabow
ritsureirit-soar-rastanding bow
ryuruschool
saisighthree pronged martial arts weapon
samuraisam-ur-iknight of medieval Japan
sayonarasi-o-nara"good bye"
seikensa-kenhorizontal punch
seinensa-nenstudents age 16 and above
seiretsusa-ret-su"line up"
seitosa-tostudent
seizasa-zaformal sitting position
seizareisa-za-rasitting bow
sempaisem-pisenior student, higher rank
senseisen-sateacher
sensei ni reisen-sa ne rabow to the teacher
shiaishe-isparring match or contest
shihanshe-hanleader of club or style
shinaishin-ibamboo practice sword
shinzenshin-zenplace of honor
shiseishe-saposture or stances
shizen hontai dachishi-zen hun-ti dachefundamental natural stance
shizentaishi-zen-tinatural stance
Shodan-Daisho-dan dinext in line for black belt
shomensho-menFront, another name for place of honor
shonensho-nenstudents 12 - 15 years old
Shorinjiryushore-in-ji-roothe way of the great northern Shaolin Temple; a synthesis of Okinawan and Japanese philosophies and techniques which also reflects much of the Chinese influence on karate-do; a system which stresses rapid body movements, mobility, with emphasis upon the use of kumite, kata, and armor; originated by Kori Hisataka
shoteisho- tiheel of palm
shurikenshur-ri-kenthrowing stars
shutosho-toknife hand
so deskaso deska"is that so?", sometimes "ah, so deska"
sonomamaso-no-ma-ma"Freeze!"
soremattesor-a-ma-ta"That’s all"; end
soshiso-shepush
sotomataso-to-ma-taopen or outer
sukoshisu-ko-shea little
sumisu-mecorner
suwarisu-war-esitting
taitibody
tai-sabakiti-sa-bakebody turning movement
tanshiki kumitetan-she-kesingle technique kumites
tantotan-toknife less than 12 inches long
tatamita-ta-meJapanese straw floor mat
tate kenta-ta kenvertical fist
tetahand
tegatanateg-a-tanacutting edge of hand or forearm
tenkaiten-kiturning motion
toritor-eattacker
tsukizu-kethrust
tsushinzu-shinconcentrating mind
uchimateoo-che-ma-taclosed stance
udeoo-dayarm; forearm
ukeoo-kadefender
ukemioo-kem-ebreakfall
unsokoun-so-kobasic foot movements
urakenur-a-kenback fist
ushirooo-sher-oback, behind
wakiwa-keby the side of
wakizashiwa-ka-za-sheshort (companion) sword
waza ariwaza arehalf point
yameya-ma"Stop!"
yangyangActive, male universal principle
yinyinPassive, female universal principle
yokoyo-koside
yonenyo-nenyoungest students
yoshiyoshe"continue"
yudanshayu-dan-shablack belts
yudansha kaiyu-dan-sha kian association of black belts
yukkuriyu-kureslowly
yumi-ashiyu-me ash-enormal walking
zanchinzan-chin"ending mind"; perfect completion
zareizar-emore formal kneeling bow
zenshinzen-chin"preparing mind"
zorizor-eJapanese sandals

Glossary of Japanese Terms - English Lookup

English TranslationPhonetic PronunciationJapanese Word
a littlesu-ko-shesukoshi
a student of karatedokar-a-ta-kakarateka
Active, male universal principleyangyang
an association of black beltsyu-dan-sha kiyudansha kai
anglena-na-mananame
are you fine?o genke desk-ao genki deska
arm; forearmoo-dayude
art of self defenseGo shin jit suegoshinjitsu
associationkikai
attackertor-etori
attentionke-oat-su-kakiotsuke
back fistur-a-kenuraken
back of handhi-shehaishi
back, behindoo-sher-oushiro
balance breakingku-zu-shekuzushi
bamboo practice swordshin-ishinai
basic foot movementsun-so-kounsoko
bathroomben-jobenjo
beginha-ji-mahajime
belto-beobi
black beltsyu-dan-shayudansha
blackbelt rank, literally "man"Don, or dandan
bodytitai
body turning movementti-sa-baketai-sabaki
bowrarei
bow to each othero-tag-na ne raotagai ni rei
bow to the teachersen-sa ne rasensei ni rei
breakfalloo-kem-eukemi
breathingko-quekokyu
bringing the opponent closeir-e-meirimi
by the side ofwa-kewaki
call for decision in sparringhan tihantai
cat back wristnekoo-ze-kennekozeken
cat stepneku ash-eneko ashi
center line or stomachharahara
ceremonial bowke-rakeirei
chest protectorbo-goobogu
childrenko-do-mokodomo
circular motionmawashemawashi
closed stanceoo-che-ma-tauchimate
common greeting in karate: push ahead, yes, sir, never give up, a sign of respect, affirmation, recognition, etc.oos, or osOsu
concentrating mindzu-shintsushin
congratulationso-med-e-to go-zi-mas-taomedito gonzaimaste
continueyosheyoshi
cornersu-mesumi
crescent kickmika-zu-ke geremikazuki geri
cross arm chokekata- ju-ge-jimakata-juji-jime
cutting edge of hand or forearmteg-a-tanategatana
defenderoo-kauke
defensive stanceji-go-tijigotai
disqualificationhan so kohansoko
doublemor otmorote
double cat stepmor ot neko ash-emorote neko ashi
downhe-tahita
draw, as in draw a swordhi-ke-wa-kahikiwake
elbowem-peempi
empty hands waykar-a-ta-dokaratedo
ending mind; perfect completionzan-chinzanchin
five fundamental teachingsgo-quegokyo
Foot or stepash-eashi
forearmko-takote
form, shoulderkatakata
formal ‘thank you very much’a-re-ga to go-ze-mash taarigato gozaimashita
formal sitting positionsa-zaseiza
four finger knucklehan da kenhandaken
free exerciseran-dor-erandori
Freeze!so-no-ma-masonomama
frontmi-amae
front kickmi-a geremae geri
Front, another name for place of honorsho-menshomen
full pointi-ponippon
fundamental defensive stanceji-go-hon- tijigohontai
fundamental natural stanceshi-zen hun-ti dacheshizen hontai dachi
gentle, or the number tenjuju
good byesi-o-narasayonara
good dayko neche wakon nichi wa
good morningo-hi-ooha yo
good nightoy-yas-u min-a-sioyasu minassai
greeting; "good evening"kum-ban-wakumbanwa
guardkamakamae
half pointwaza arewaza ari
hammer fistkent-su-ekentsui
handtate
hatbo-sheboshi
have a seatokaka kudasiokake kudasai
headmenmen
heel of palmsho- tishotei
horizontal punchsa-kenseiken
How do you do?ha-ji-ma ma-she-tahajime mashite
hurry upi-so-geisogi
I am finegen-ke deskagenki deska
I am sorrygo men na sigomen nassai
informal ‘thank you’a-re-ga toarigato
informal sittinganzaanza
inner energy, spiritkeki
is that so?, sometimes ah, so deskaso deskaso deska
Japan (formal, archaic)ne-honNihon
Japanese long swordka-ta-nakatana
Japanese sandalszor-ezori
Japanese straw floor matta-ta-metatami
kickgere (garý)geri
knee kickheza gerehiza geri
knife handsho-toshuto
knife less than 12 inches longtan-totanto
knight of medieval Japansam-ur-isamurai
leader of club or styleshe-hanshihan
lefthi dar ehidari
left side of shoman; lower seatma-se-kemasseki
line upsa-ret-suseiretsu
long staff, about 6 feet longbobo
lower kyu rankko-hikohai
lower positionga-dongedan
martial art: "the way of hamony"i-key-doaikido
martial art: "way of the sword"ken-dokendo
martial art; "gentle way"Ju dojudo
martial arts uniformgegi
may I practice with you?o-negi shima-suonegai shimasu
meditatemo-ku-somokuso
middle positionchew-donchudan
more formal kneeling bowzar-ezarei
multiple person prearranged fighting formku-me-takumite
name of kata: to use the elbow like a monkey in eight directionshape kenhappiken
natural stanceshi-zen-tishizentai
next in line for black beltsho-dan diShodan-Dai
noe-aiye
normal walkingyu-me ash-eyumi-ashi
now, at oncee-maima
offensiveko-ga-kekogeki
once againmoy-itch-e domoi ichi do
open handhir-at-ahirate
open or outerso-to-ma-tasotomata
Passive, female universal principleyinyin
place of honorshin-zenshinzen
place to study the way, literally "way place"do-jodojo
please go before medo zo o-sak-in-edozo osakini
Please, or please come indo zodozo
posture or stancesshe-sashisei
practiceke-kokeiko
prefix meaning "of"nono
prepare to beginko-mi-e-takamaete
preparing mindzen-chinzenshin
principlekoy-okyo
proper distancemi-ima-ai
pushso-shesoshi
ranks below black beltmu-dan-shamudansha
reverse strikeGa-que oochegyaku uchi
ridge handko-kenkoken
rightmigemigi
right back turnmige u-shear-u mawarumigi ushiro mawaru
right front turnmige mi-a mawarumigi mae mawaru
roundhouse kickmawashe geremawashi geri
schoolruryu
school principlesdo-jo kundojo kun
senior in a dojocho-jochojo
senior student, higher ranksem-pisempai
short ( about 4 foot) staff or walking stickjojo
short (companion) swordwa-ka-za-shewakizashi
sickle, a martial arts weaponkamakama
sideyo-koyoko
sideways stanceni-han-chinnaihanchin
single technique kumitestan-she-ketanshiki kumite
sittingsu-war-esuwari
sitting bowsa-za-raseizarei
slowlyyu-kureyukkuri
solar plexusmizo ochemizo ochi
sparring match or contestshe-ishiai
spear handni-ku-tanukite
standing bowrit-soar-raritsurei
step or rank below black belt, literally "boy"quekyu
stopma-damaede
Stop!ya-mayame
strikeah-taate
striking boardmakawaramakawara
studentsa-toseito
students 12 - 15 years oldsho-nenshonen
students age 16 and abovesa-nenseinen
sweepbar-ebarai
teachersen-sasensei
thank you very muchdo-mo a-re-ga todomo arigato
That’s all; endsor-a-ma-tasorematte
the ‘way of the warrior’boo-she-dobushido
the art of the bobo-jit-suebojitsu
the founder of the styleki-sokaiso
the way of the great northern Shaolin Temple; a synthesis of Okinawan and Japanese philosophies and techniques which also reflects much of the Chinese influence on karate-do; a system which stresses rapid body movements, mobility, with emphasis upon the use of kumite, kata, and armor; originated by Kori Hisatakashore-in-ji-rooShorinjiryu
this wayko-hir-a kneekohira ni
three pronged martial arts weaponsighsai
throwna-ganage
throwing starsshur-ri-kenshuriken
throwing techniquesna-ga wazanage waza
thrustzu-ketsuki
thrusting kickka-ko-mekekomi
time, time’s upji-kunjikun
traditional leggings for aikidoha-ka-mahakama
traditional two sword setdi-showdaisho
turn upside downga-ishegaeshi
turning formmawaru katamawaru kata
turning motionten-kitenkai
twisthin-ar-ehineri
upper place in dojo (right side of shoman)jo-sek-ejoseki
upright posturehas-sohasso
upwardah-gayage
vertical fistta-ta kentate ken
vocal expression of kiKe-ikiai
waitmatamate
walking formhoko katahoko kata
warning penaltychewychui
waydodo
welcomeir ashe mastairashimaste
winner of the matchko-chir-a no kachekochira no kachi
wooden swordbo-kenboken
wooden swordbo-kew-tobokuto
yeshihai
you are welcomedo eta simash tado ita simasi te
youngest studentsyo-nenyonen

Counting

oneichi elevenju-ichi twenty oneni-ju-ichi fortyyon ju
twoni twelveju-ni    forty-fouryonjushi
threesan  ·  · seventynana ju
fourji  ·  · seventy sevennana ju nana
fivego  ·  · one hundredhyaku
sixroku         
sevenshichi         
eighthachi         
nineku         
tenju twentyni-ju thirtysan-ju